Bracing the nation for a grim death toll, U.S. President Donald Trump on Sunday extended a voluntary national shutdown for a month, bowing to public health experts who told him the COVID-19 pandemic could claim over 100,000 lives in the U.S., perhaps significantly more, if not enough is done to fight it.
It was a stark shift in tone by the president, who only days ago mused about the country reopening in a few weeks.
Trump had eyed a “reopening” of the U.S. economy by Easter, but in recent days medical professionals warned that would be far too soon for the nation’s heavily affected urban areas.
When asked if his statements had been premature, Trump said his Easter revival hopes had only been “aspirational.”
The initial 15-day period of physical distancing urged by the federal government was set to expire on Monday and Trump had expressed interest in relaxing the national guidelines — at least in parts of the country less afflicted by the pandemic.
But instead he decided to extend them through April 30, a tacit acknowledgment he’d been too optimistic. Many states and local governments have stiffer controls in place on mobility and gatherings.
WATCH | Trump extends physical distancing measures to April 30:
U.S. President Donald Trump says his previous statement about trying to get Americans back to work by Easter was ‘just an aspiration.’ 1:01
Trump’s impulse to restore normalcy met a sober reality check Sunday from Dr. Anthony Fauci, the government’s top infectious disease expert, who said the U.S. could experience more than 100,000 deaths and millions of infections from the pandemic. Trump’s decision to extend the guidelines reflected a recognition that the struggle will take place over the longer haul and the risk of deaths spiralling into the hundreds of thousands is real.
“I want our life back again,” the president told reporters in the Rose Garden at the White House.
Trump, who has largely avoided talk of potential death and infection rates, cited projection models that said potentially 2.2 million people or more could have died had the country not put social distancing measures in place. And he said the country would be doing well if it “can hold” the number of deaths “down to 100,000.”
“It’s a horrible number,” Trump said, but added: “We all together have done a very good job.”
Brought forward by Trump at the outdoor briefing, Fauci said his projection of a potential 100,000 to 200,000 deaths is “entirely conceivable” if not enough is done to mitigate the crisis. He said that helped shape the extension of the guidelines, “a wise and prudent decision.”
WATCH | U.S. could see more than 1M cases, says top doctor:
Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases in the United States, said the country could see “millions of cases” of COVID-19 and between 100,000 and 200,000 deaths related to the illness. 2:30
The federal guidelines recommend against large group gatherings and urge older people and anyone with existing health problems to stay home. People are urged to work at home when possible and avoid restaurants, bars, non-essential travel and shopping trips.
The extension would leave the federal recommendations in place beyond Easter (April 12), by which time Trump had said he hoped the country and its economy could start to rev up again. Alarmed public health officials said Easter was sure to be too soon.
With more than 139,000 COVID-19 cases reported by Sunday evening, the U.S. has the highest number of infections in the world. There have been more than 2,400 deaths in the U.S. During the course of the Rose Garden briefing, reported deaths grew by several dozen and the number of cases by several thousand.
As some of his allies had predicted, Trump was clearly rattled by the haunting images coming out of New York, some from Elmhurst Hospital in his native Queens.
“I’ve been watching that for the last week on television,” he said. “Body bags all over, in hallways. I’ve been watching them bring in trailer trucks — freezer trucks, they’re freezer trucks, because they can’t handle the bodies, there are so many of them. This is essentially in my community, in Queens, Queens, New York,” he continued. “I’ve seen things that I’ve never seen before.”
One in three Americans remain under state or local government orders to stay at home to slow the spread of the virus, with schools and businesses closed and public life upended.
No state will be spared from coronavirus
Dr. Deborah Birx, head of the White House coronavirus task force, said parts of the country with few cases so far must prepare for what’s to come.
“No state, no metro area, will be spared,” she said on NBC’s Meet the Press.
Most people who contract COVID-19 — the illness caused by the novel coronavirus — have mild or moderate symptoms, which can include fever and cough but also milder cases of pneumonia, sometimes requiring hospitalization.
The risk of death appears to be greater for older adults and people with other health problems. Hospitals in the most afflicted areas are straining to handle patients and some are short of critical supplies.
Trump backs off New York quarantine idea
On Saturday, Trump was discussing tightening restrictions, suggesting then backing away from an “enforceable” quarantine of hard-hit New York, Connecticut and New Jersey. Instead, the White House task force recommended a travel advisory for residents of those states to limit non-essential travel to slow the spread of the virus to other parts of the U.S.
Prior to Trump’s announcement on Sunday evening, Democratic House Speaker Nancy Pelosi suggested that Trump shouldn’t be so quick to reverse the physical distancing guidelines, saying more testing needs to be in place to determine whether areas currently showing fewer infections are truly at lower risk.
Trump’s “denial” in the crisis was “deadly,” she told CNN.
“As the president fiddles, people are dying, and we have to take every precaution,” she said. She promised a congressional investigation once the pandemic is over to determine whether Trump heeded advice from scientific experts and to answer the question that resonates through U.S. political scandals: “What did he know and when did he know it?”
Democratic House Speaker Nancy Pelosi of Calif., pictured last Thursday, told CNN there will be a congressional investigation once the COVID-19 pandemic is over to find out whether or not Trump heeded scientific advice early enough. (Susan Walsh/Associated Press)
Trump minimized the gravity of the pandemic for weeks, repeatedly citing the flu’s comparatively much higher cost in lives in playing down the severity of this pandemic.
Fauci’s predictions, however, would take the death toll well past that of the average seasonal flu.
When Pelosi was asked whether Trump’s attitude cost American lives, she said: “Yes, I am. I’m saying that.”
That put Pelosi out of lockstep with former vice-president Joe Biden, the likely Democratic presidential nominee, who said he wouldn’t go so far as to lay the blame for deaths on the president. “I think that’s a little too harsh,” he told NBC.
Biden faulted Trump for holding back on using his full powers under the recently invoked Defense Production Act to spur the manufacture of the full range of needed medical supplies — and for making erratic statements about the pandemic.
“He should stop thinking out loud and start thinking deeply,” Biden said.
Meanwhile, governors in other hotspots across the U.S. were raising alarm that the spread of the virus was threatening their health-care systems.
“We remain on a trajectory, really, to overwhelm our capacity to deliver health care,” Louisiana Gov. John Bel Edwards said on ABC’s “This Week.” “By the end of the first week in April, we think the first real issue is going to be ventilators. And we think it’s about the fourth or fifth of April before, down in the New Orleans area, we’re unable to put people on ventilators who need them. And then several days later, we will be out of beds.”
He said officials have orders out for more than 12,000 ventilators through the national stockpile and private vendors, but so far have only been able to get 192.